Pages within the "support" section:


Anand, S. and Hanson, K. (1998)   DALYs: Efficiency versus equity.   World Development   26 , 307-310.

Arnesen, T. and Kapiriri, L. (2004)   Can the value choices in DALYs influence global priority-setting?   Health Policy   70 , 137-49.

Cullen AC, Frey HC (1999) The use of probabilistic techniques in exposure assessment: A handbook for dealing with variability and uncertainty in models and inputs. New York, NY, Plenum Press.

De Wit, G.A., Busschbach, J.J. and De Charro, F.T. (2000)   Sensitivity and perspective in the valuation of health status: whose values count?   Health Econ   9 , 109-26.

EFSA (2006a)   Summary report EFSA scientific colloquium 6 - Risk-benefit analysis of foods: methods and approaches, 13-14 July 2006, Tabiano, Italy.   Scientific colloquium series of the European Food safety authority   6 ,

EFSA 2006b. Guidance of the Scientific Committee on a request from EFSA related to Uncertainties in Dietary Exposure Assessment. The EFSA Journal, 438, 1-54.

EFSA 2007. Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Plant protection products and their Residues on a request from the Commission on acute dietary intake assessment of pesticide residues in fruit and vegetables. The EFSA Journal, 538, 1-88.

Essink-Bot, M.L., Stuifbergen, M.C., Meerding, W.J., Looman, C.W. and Bonsel, G.J. (2007)   Individual differences in the use of the response scale determine valuations of hypothetical health states: an empirical study.   BMC Health Serv Res   7 , 62

Ezzati, M., Hoorn, S.V., Rodgers, A., Lopez, A.D., Mathers, C.D. and Murray, C.J. (2003)   Estimates of global and regional potential health gains from reducing multiple major risk factors.   Lancet   362 , 271-80.

FAO/WHO Expert Consultation FAO/WHO Expert Consultation, (Ed.) (1995)   Geneva:   WHO.

Fryback, D.G., Dunham, N.C., Palta, M., Hanmer, J., Buechner, J., Cherepanov, D., Herrington, S.A., Hays, R.D., Kaplan, R.M., Ganiats, T.G., Feeny, D. and Kind, P. (2007)   US Norms for Six Generic Health-Related Quality-of-Life Indexes From the National Health Measurement Study.   Med Care   45 , 1162-1170.

Gold, M.R., Stevenson, D. and Fryback, D.G. (2002)   HALYS and QALYS and DALYS, Oh My: similarities and differences in summary measures of population Health.   Annu Rev Public Health   23 , 115-34.

Havelaar, A.H. , De Hollander, A.E.M. , Teunis, P.F.M. , Evers, E.G. , Van Kranen, H.J. , Versteegh, J.F.M. , Van Koten, J.E.M. and Slob, W. (2000)   Balancing the risks and benefits of drinking water disinfection: disability adjusted life-years on the scale .   Environmental Health Perspectives    108 , 315-321.

Havranek, E.P. and Steiner, J.F. (2005)   Valuation of health states in the US versus the UK: two measures divided by a common language?   Med Care   43 , 201-2.

Hoekstra, J, Hart A, Boobis A, Claupein E, Cockburn A, Hunt A, Knudsen I, Richardson D, Schilter B, Schütte K, Torgerson P, Verhagen H, Watzl B, Chiodini A. BRAFO Tiered approach for benefit-risk assessment of foods . Submitted to Food Chem Toxicol .

Hoekstra J., Verkaik-Kloosterman J., Rompelberg C., van Kranen H., Zeilmaker M., Verhagen H. & de Jong N. (2008) Integrated risk-benefit analyses: Method development with folic acid as example. Food Chem Toxicol 46, 893-909

Hoogenveen R.T., van Baal P.H. & Boshuizen H.C. (2009) Chronic disease projections in heterogeneous ageing populations: approximating multi-state models of joint distributions by modelling marginal distributions. Math Med Biol

Kopec, J.A. and Willison, K.D. (2003)   A comparative review of four preference-weighted measures of health-related quality of life.   J Clin Epidemiol   56 , 317-25.

Madelin R, 2004. The importance of scientific advice in the Community decision making process. Opening address to the Inaugural Joint Meeting of the members of the Non-Food Scientific Committees. Directorate General for Health and Consumer Protection, European Commission, Brussels.

Murray, C.J. (1994)   Quantifying the burden of disease: the technical basis for disability-adjusted life years.   Bull World Health Organ   72 , 429-45.

Murray, C.J. and Acharya, A.K. (1997)   Understanding DALYs (disability-adjusted life years).   J Health Econ   16 , 703-30.

Murray, C.J. and Lopez, A.D. (1996)   The global burden of disease: a comparative assessment of mortality and disability from disease, injuries, and risk factors in 1990 and projected to 2020. ,   Cambridge, Mass:   Harvard School of Public Health, on behalf of the WHO and the World Bank.

Murray, C.J. and Lopez, A.D. (2000)   Progress and directions in refining the global burden of disease approach: a response to Williams.   Health Econ   9 , 69-82.

Nord, E. (2005)   Concerns for the worse off: fair innings versus severity.   Soc Sci Med   60 , 257-63.

Paalman, M., Bekedam, H., Hawken, L. and Nyheim, D. (1998)   A critical review of priority setting in the health sector: the methodology of the 1993 World Development Report.   Health Policy Plan   13 , 13-31.

Ponce, R.A. , Bartell, S.M. , Wong, E.Y. , LaFlamme, D. , Carrington, C. , Lee, R.C. , Patrick, D.L. , Faustman, E.M. and Bolger, M. (2000)   Use of quality-adjusted life year weights with dose-response models for public health decisions: a case study of the risks and benefits of fish consumption.   Risk Analysis   20 , 529-542.

Ponce, R.A., Wong, E.Y. and Faustman, E.M. (2001)   Quality adjusted life years (QALYs) and dose-response models in environmental health policy analysis -- methodological considerations.   Sci Total Environ   274 , 79-91.

Sassi, F. (2006)   Calculating QALYs, comparing QALY and DALY calculations.   Health Policy Plan   21 , 402-8.

Schwarzinger, M., Stouthard, M.E., Burstrom, K. and Nord, E. (2003)   Cross-national agreement on disability weights: the European Disability Weights Project.   Popul Health Metr   1 , 9

U.S. EPA.   (1997). Guiding Principles for Monte Carlo Analysis. EPA/630/R-97/001. US EPA Risk Assessment Forum. Available at

Van der Voet H., Gerie WAM van der Heijden, Peter MJ Bos, Sieto Bosgra, Polly E. Boon, Stefan D. Murie and Beat J. Brüschweiler (2009). A model for probabilistic health impact assessment of exposure to food chemicals. Food and Chemical Toxicology (47) 2926-2940.

Van der Voet, H. and Slob, W. (2007). Integration of probabilistic exposure assessment and probabilistic hazard characterization. Risk Anal. 27: 351-371.

van Kreijl, C.F., Knaap, A.G.A.C., and van Raaij, J.M.A. (2006). Our food, our health. Health diet and safe food in the Netherlands. RIVM, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, The Netherlands.

Wong, E.Y., Ponce, R.A., Farrow, S., Bartell, S.M., Lee, R.C. and Faustman, E.M. (2003)   Comparative risk and policy analysis in environmental health.   Risk Anal   23 , 1337-49.